The term resilience (from the Latin resilire - to bounce back, recoil) originally comes from the material sciences. There it is described as the ability to react elastically under pressure and bounce back to its original shape without damage.
In psychology, resilience is understood as the ability to deal with challenging experiences such as emergencies in an adaptive and integrating way. Originally, the term was understood in an emancipatory way, focusing not only on suffering and distress, but also on strengths and resources. In this sense, resilience can sometimes even lead to post-traumatic growth, when traumatic experiences are accompanied by new ways of thinking and looking at the world that can change one's life and thus give rise to new meaning in life. In this sense, we understand resilience as the ability to avoid, cope with, recover from and/or transform life crises.